The world is constantly changing, technology has drastically changed the way we feed, communicate and move from one place to another. However, old problems such as unplanned massive urban growth, scarcity of natural resources and climate change still persist without a definitive solution. As a result, the government seeks alternatives to alleviate these consequences, among them, the investment in smart cities.
The Smart Cities ecosystem is, in a crude way, divided into three parts: Internet of Things or IOT (The connection of sensors through the Internet), Big Data (processing and analysis of large amounts of information) and algorithmic governance (Management and planning based on actions built by algorithms applied to urban life).
We have great examples of smart cities around the world. What differentiates some of them as London and Toronto to others as Curitiba and Mendelín is the implementation of data management platforms that help predict future problems. The city of Toronto, for example, expects its population to increase by 35% over the next 25 years. Because of this, the city plans to build new housing areas to prevent a future population crisis.
Curitiba in Paraná faced a large population crisis due to the rural exodus that made people abandon the countryside and migrate to the city. So, authorities in 1970 decided to create a transport system plan called RIT (Integrated transport network) and prioritized quality of life and environmental preservation. With that in mind, green squares, well urbanized and a mobility infrastructure that reaches 1,751,907 million people were implanted. In addition, Curitiba now has a fully sustainable public transport fleet called “Ecoelectric”, which decreases the emission of carbon gas, transforming the city into one of the largest cases of intelligent cities in Latin America.
Another great example of a solution tested in 2019 in Brazil was during the carnival in Belo Horizonte, where two tethered balloons were applied in order to ensure the organization and safety of the event. Images captured by cameras attached to the balloons were transmitted in real time to Operations Centers, being used by various agencies and departments of the City Hall, helping them to make decisions and better manage their resources. An effective way to meet the demand for public transportation for revelers, to inform the fire brigade and military police about points of attention, and finally, help the cleaning agents with the indication of critical zones to act in a fast surgical way. An event like this is proof that Smart Cities are the future of a more efficient public management, which does not waste resources and which precedes the facts.